Free Online Educational Programs on School Threat Assessment
What We Do
Online educational programs are available for school use. These brief programs will help students, parents, and teachers understand the threat assessment process to prevent violence.
Free Threat Assessment Educational Videos
It is essential that students, parents, and staff know that their school has a threat assessment team and are willing to report threats. To meet this need, our research team developed a series of free educational videos for students, parents, school staff, and threat assessment team members. The videos were developed to cover the relative safety of schools, the purpose of school threat assessment, how a threat assessment team functions, and when and how to report threats. This project was funded by the National Institute of Justice as part of a grant to improve the use of behavioral threat assessment in schools. The programs can be found on the Youth Violence Project YouTube page.
For Students, Parents, School Staff
- School Safety and Threat Assessment for Students – English 7 minutes
- School Safety and Threat Assessment for Students – English with Spanish subtitles and text 7 minutes
- School Safety and Threat Assessment for Parents – English 14 minutes
- School Safety and Threat Assessment for Parents – Spanish 19 minutes
- School Safety and Threat Assessment for School Staff – English 16 minutes
- Basics for Threat Assessment Teams – 15 minutes
- School Discipline and Research for Threat Assessment Teams – 15 minutes
- Case Management for Threat Assessment Teams – 25 minutes
Threat Assessment Research Publications
This list presents peer-reviewed, published articles produced by the Virginia Youth Violence Project, Dr. Cornell’s research team in the University of Virginia’s School of Education and Human Development. The initial studies referred to the Virginia Student Threat Assessment Guidelines, which in 2018 was renamed the Comprehensive School Threat Assessment Guidelines. This list does not include book chapters or descriptive articles that do not present original findings.
Cornell, D., Sheras, P. Kaplan, S., McConville, D., Douglass, J., Elkon, A., Knight, L., Branson, C., & Cole, J. (2004). Guidelines for student threat assessment: Field-test findings. School Psychology Review, 33, 527-546.
Kaplan, S., & Cornell, D. (2005). Threats of violence by students in special education. Behavioral Disorders, 31, 107-119.
Strong, K., & Cornell, D. (2008). Student threat assessment in Memphis City Schools: A descriptive report. Behavioral Disorders, 34, 42-54.
Cornell, D., Gregory, A., & Fan, X. (2011). Reductions in long-term suspensions following adoption of the Virginia Student Threat Assessment Guidelines. Bulletin of the National Association of Secondary School Principals, 95, 175-194.
Cornell, D., Allen, K., & Fan, X. (2012). A randomized controlled study of the Virginia Student Threat Assessment Guidelines in grades K-12. School Psych Review, 41, 100-115.
Cornell, D., Sheras, P., Gregory, A., & Fan, X. (2009). A retrospective study of school safety conditions in high schools using the Virginia Threat Assessment Guidelines versus alternative approaches. School Psychology Quarterly, 24, 119-129.
Nekvasil, E., Cornell, D. (2015). Student threat assessment associated with safety in middle schools. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management 2, 98-113. doi: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1037/tam0000038
Maeng, J., Cornell, D., & Huang, F. (2019). Student threat assessment as an alternative to exclusionary discipline. Journal of School Violence, doi: 10.1080/15388220.2019.1707682
Disciplinary Outcomes and Race/Ethnicity
JustChildren and Cornell, D. (2013). Prevention v. punishment: Threat assessment, school suspensions, and racial disparities.
Cornell, D., Maeng, J., Huang, F., Shukla, K., & Konold, T. (2018). Racial/ethnic parity in disciplinary consequences using student threat assessment. School Psychology Review, 47, 183-195. doi: 10.17105/SPR-2017-0030.V47-2
Cornell, D. & Lovegrove, P. (2015). Student threat assessment as a method for reducing student suspensions. In D. Losen (Ed.), Closing the School Discipline Gap: Research for Policymakers (pp. 180-191). New York, NY: Teachers College Press.
Studies of Training Effects
Allen, K., Cornell, D., Lorek, E., & Sheras, P. (2008). Response of school personnel to student threat assessment training. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 19, 319- 332.
Stohlman, S., & Cornell, D. (2019). An online educational program to increase student understanding of threat assessment. Journal of School Health, 89 (11), 899-906. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12827
Stohlman, S., Konold, T., & Cornell, D. (2020). Evaluation of threat assessment training for school personnel. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tam0000142
Studies of Implementation
Burnette, A. G., Datta, P. & Cornell, D. G. (2018). The distinction between transient and substantive student threats. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, 5, 4-20. http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2017-56103-001
Burnette, A.G., Huang, F., Maeng, J.L., & Cornell, D. (2018). School threat assessment versus suicide assessment: Statewide prevalence and case characteristics. Psychology in the Schools, 1-15. doi: 10.1002/pits.22194
Cornell, D., & Maeng, J. (2018). Statewide implementation of threat assessment in Virginia K-12 schools. Contemporary School Psychology, 22, 116-124. doi: 10.1007/s40688-017-0146-x
Cornell, D., Maeng, J., Burnette, A.G., Jia, Y., Huang, F., Konold, T., Datta, P., Malone, M., Meyer, P. (2017). Student threat assessment as a standard school safety practice: Results from a statewide implementation study. School Psychology Quarterly. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/spq0000220
Burnette, A. G., Konold, T., & Cornell, D. (2019). Grade-level distinctions in student threats of violence. Journal of School Violence. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2019.1694031
Maeng, J., Malone, M., & Cornell, D. (2020). Student threats of violence against teachers: Prevalence and outcomes using a threat assessment approach. Teacher and Teacher Education, 87, 1-11. doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2019.102934
Youth Violence Project
The Virginia Youth Violence Project is a research group composed of faculty and graduate students in the UVA School of Education and Human Development. We conduct research on youth violence prevention and school safety and provide training and consultation on topics such as threat assessment, bullying prevention, and forensic psychology. Through our work, we have developed strong evidence in support of school threat assessment as a school violence prevention strategy and alternative to zero tolerance discipline.