National Statistics


Serious Violent Crime Rate in U.S. Schools

(Crimes Per 1,000 Students)

Contrary to public perception, violent crime in schools has declined dramatically since 1994. The annual rate of serious violent crime in 2007 (4 per 1,000 students) was less than half of the rate in 1994. These data are victim reports collected as part of the National Crime Victimization Survey and are not derived from school records.

Contrary to public perception, violent crime in schools has declined dramatically since 1994.
Note: There is often a substantial lag in reporting school safety data. As of January 2012 this was the most recent report available. The source is U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), 2007. Cited in Figure 2.2 in Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010; National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education

Homicides by Students on School Grounds During the School Day: 1992-93 to 2010

The rate of homicides in U.S. schools has declined substantially since the early 1990s. There was an apparent interruption in the downward trend during a period of highly publicized shootings that may have generated some copycat shootings.

The rate of homicides in U.S. schools has declined substantially since the early 1990s
Note: There is often a substantial lag in reporting school safety data. As of January 2012 this was the most recent report available.  These are cases identified from records of the National School Safety Center. (http://www.schoolsafety.us/) Each case in this chart represents an incident with one or more fatalities that was perpetrated by a student on school grounds. Cases not involving student perpetrators or occurring off school grounds (i.e., near a school) are not included.

Juvenile violence is not increasing

The dramatic decline in juvenile homicides (and other juvenile violent crime) in the 1990s demonstrates that the observed decline in school violence is part of a larger national trend. This decline cannot be attributed to a decline in the juvenile population because the juvenile population increased. There are likely multiple factors responsible for the drop, including declining violence associated with drug gangs, effective community-oriented law enforcement efforts, as well as numerous school and community-based efforts to prevent violence.

 decline in juvenile homicides in the 1990s
Juvenile Arrests for Homicide: 1993 to 2007

Source: Arrest statistics from the annual FBI Uniform Crime Reports. These trends show that the downward trend in school violence is part of a larger downward trend in violent juvenile crime during the 1990s that has appeared to level off in recent years.

Students Threatened or Injured with a Weapon at School

The overall percentage of students who report being threatened or injured with a weapon at school has remained relatively stable since 1993. Boys experience almost twice as many incidents as girls.

The overall percentage of students who report being threatened or injured with a weapon at school has remained relatively stable since 1993.

Note: There is often a substantial lag in reporting school safety data. As of January 2012 this was the most recent report available. This information was cited in Table 4.1 in Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010; National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education (http://nces.ed.gov/) .Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), various years, 1993–2009.

Violence Against Teachers

Since 1993, student threats of violence against teachers have decreased in both the private and public sector.  This decrease is most evident in secondary schools.  However, the percentage of teachers who were physically attacked by a student during a school year has not significantly changed over time.

 

Percentage of Teachers who Report Being Threatened or Injured by a Student In the Previous 12 Months

Percentage of Teachers who Report Being Threatened or Injured by a Student In the Previous 12 Months

Note: There is often a substantial lag in reporting school safety data. As of January 2012 this was the most recent report available. This information was cited in Table 5.1 in Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010; National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education (http://nces.ed.gov/) .Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), various years, 1993–2009.

Percentage of Teachers who Report Being Physically Attacked by a Student In the Previous 12 Months

Percentage of Teachers who Report Being Physically Attacked by a Student In the Previous 12 Months

Note: There is often a substantial lag in reporting school safety data. As of January 2012 this was the most recent report available. This information was cited in Table 5.2 in Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010; National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education (http://nces.ed.gov/) .Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), various years, 1993–2009.

Percentage of Students Who Carried a Weapon to School, By Gender

The percentage of students who report carrying a weapon to school during the previous 30 days has been gradually decreasing since 1993.

Percentage of Students Who Carried a Weapon to School, By Gender

Source: Cited in Table 14.1 in Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010; National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education (http://nces.ed.gov/) . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), various years, 1993–2007.