Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology
Program Description: Combined Clinical and School Psychology
The School of Education and Human Development Program in Clinical and School Psychology offers training in both clinical psychology and school psychology. The program is one of only 14 APA-accredited combined programs, and the only Ph.D. program that integrates training in clinical and school psychology. The combination of clinical and school psychology means that the doctoral training offered in the program is unique in at least two ways.
- Youth in context. The program embraces a contextual understanding of the well-being and mental health of children, youth, and young adults. In particular, we recognize that maximizing mental health requires psychologists to integrate mental health services across multiple settings (e.g., family, community, school). In particular, school experiences play a significant role in shaping youth development – children, as early as age three, are spending five days per week in a classroom, youth in public school spend the majority of their waking time in school, and 70% of young adults end up enrolled in colleges or universities. However, many children, especially those from underrepresented communities (e.g., racial, socioeconomic, LGBTQ+), do not have equal access to educational experiences that promote social, psychological, and academic success. Therefore, it is critical that psychologists working with children and young adults have an understanding of the intersection between mental health, developmental science, and education to maximize well-being.
- Youth strengths. The program has an explicit emphasis on a strength-based approach to understanding youth. This means that we not only focus on psychopathology and risk but also on positive youth development and resilience. In addition, we emphasize early identification and preventive interventions that incorporate individual, contextual, and cultural strengths of those with whom we work. In other words, we adhere to a broad conceptualization of clinical and school practice that values the diverse experiences of youth and is aligned with the Institute of Medicine’s intervention spectrum (i.e., promotion, prevention, treatment, and maintenance)
The program is fully accredited by the American Psychological Association as a combined program in clinical and school psychology. This accreditation status was granted in the Fall of 2013. The next APA accreditation review of the program is scheduled for Spring 2023. The program also is fully approved as a doctoral level School Psychology program by the National Association of School Psychologists. This dual status reflects the program’s commitment to integrating didactic and experiential training in both clinical and school psychology. The curriculum is designed to provide graduates a strong foundation in both clinical and school psychology so that by the end of the program students are eligible for either licensure/certification in clinical and school psychology, or clinical psychology alone.
Our program considers research and clinical skills equally vital to the success of psychologists in the profession today. This is reflected in our commitment to having students participate in active research labs and engage in our state-of-the-art outpatient clinic from the first semester they arrive in the program.
Applied research. Research training includes on-the-ground work within a faculty member’s research lab, either focused on secondary data analysis of existing data or active data collection and management within current projects. All students begin working on a manuscript in their first year that is submitted to a peer review journal by the end of their second year, and many of our students graduate having authored one or more publications. A hallmark of the program is its emphasis on applied research in real world settings, such as studying bullying and school climate via statewide surveys of middle and high schoolers, improving implementation of behavioral practices through video-based coaching models for teachers, establishing a state-wide school readiness assessment to inform data-driven decision-making, developing and testing evidence-based mentoring models, improving outcome assessment for children with autism, evaluating a school-wide health and wellness curriculum, and more.
Clinical/school training. Clinically, our students receive extensive training in the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and young adults through course work and intensive one-on-one supervision of casework in schools, an outpatient clinic, and other clinical settings. Our core faculty work clinically from a variety of perspectives, including Behavioral, Cognitive-Behavioral, Interpersonal, and Family Systems. Experience with additional clinical orientations and therapeutic approaches are available on practicum through supervision with community practitioners, including contexts like juvenile detention centers, schools, inpatient psychiatric units, behavior health clinics, family medicine, and more. After a yearlong internship, our graduates seek careers in clinical and academic settings, including universities, schools, medical centers, and mental health agencies. Given our strong commitment to a scientist-practitioner model, we seek applicants who desire a career that integrates both research and applied work. Any student whose exclusive interest is in the private practice of clinical or school psychology is not encouraged to apply.
Information for Prospective Graduate Students
Our program attracts a competitive and highly skilled pool of students, with diverse background experiences. We typically accept five to seven students each year. For the 2021-22 academic year, the program consists of 29 students, six of whom are on internship. Our program has a strong commitment to diversity, equity, and inclusion in all forms. Among current students, 31% are members of racial-ethnic minority groups. After a successful first year of course work, our students are awarded an M.Ed. degree. For an in-depth summary of admission statistics and program outcomes over the past five years, please visit our program Student Admissions, Outcomes, and Other Data page.
Prospective students often ask what aspects of the application are given most weight when considered for acceptance into the program. Each application is looked at as a whole; relatively weak GRE scores, for instance, might be balanced by strongly positive recommendation letters. One factor that is consistently important is the Statement of Professional Goals. This reflection is the best way to get a feel for who you are and how you would fit into the program.
Applicants also inquire about the differences between our program and the clinical psychology program offered by UVA’s Department of Psychology. Both our program and the psychology department’s program are APA-accredited doctoral programs designed to train clinical psychologists who can combine scientific inquiry with clinical practice. We encourage you to learn about the clinical psychology program in the Department of Psychology directly from their website and admissions materials. Generally speaking, our program provides many opportunities for research and practice related to children, youth and families, and we have special interests in work with schools. Our graduates seek leadership careers in a diverse set of organizations including schools, hospitals, medical centers, universities, and primary health care practices, working with children, adolescents, and adults. While applying to both programs is possible, prospective students are encouraged to carefully consider career goals and interests when choosing a program to attend.
The following faculty will be considering admission of new Ph.D. students for the 2023-2024 academic year:
For more information on student experience and to contact program doctoral students directly, please visit our Current Students page.
*Questions related to the program's accredited status should be directed to the Commission on Accreditation of the American Psychological Association at:
Office of Program Consultation and Accreditation
American Psychological Association
750 1st Street NE
Washington, DC 20002
Our Success Is Your Success
of graduates become licensed psychologists
- Online application
- Unofficial transcripts of all previous undergraduate and graduate work are accepted; however, once admitted official transcripts will be required
- Curriculum vita/resume
- Graduate Record Examination scores Institution code: 5820)
- Statement of professional goals and alignment with program mission and faculty research interests (typically 2 pages)
- Identify two faculty whose interests overlap with your own
- Two letters of recommendation
- A nonrefundable $85 application fee
A writing sample
Note: Invitations for interviews are issued via email in late December/early January. In recent years between 150-200 applications have been processed and approximately 30 students are invited to interview each year. Virtual interviews will be held on January 20 and 27, 2023.
*On the application form select "Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology" from the list of Ph.D. application options. All of our students in clinical and school psychology are admitted into the Ph.D. degree program, regardless of whether or not they have a master’s degree.
Do not send materials directly to the School of Education and Human Development Program in Clinical and School Psychology. All applications are assembled and processed by the School of Education and Human Development Office of Admissions and only forwarded to us when they are certified to be complete, so sending items to us directly may actually delay your application. Applicants are responsible for ensuring that all required materials are submitted by the deadline. Incomplete applications will not be read and may be cancelled if left incomplete.
All incoming (new) graduate students whose first language is one other than English are required to take the University of Virginia English Language Proficiency Exam, unless they have been exempted from TOEFL or IELTS. Applicants who have or will have earned an undergraduate degree from an institution where English is the primary language of instruction do not need to provide TOEFL or IELTS scores. For more details, please refer here under Step 4 of the Ph.D. application process.
All application materials and test scores must be received by the Admissions Office by December 1 of each calendar year for admission in the fall semester of the following academic year. Admissions decisions will be available by February 15th.
Applicants are responsible for ensuring that all required materials are submitted by the deadline. Incomplete applications will not be read and may be cancelled if left incomplete.
Students entering with a bachelor's degree must enroll full-time for five academic years, and then spend a fifth year on internship. This includes enrollment for each summer, except for the summer prior to internship. Those entering with a master's degree in psychology or a closely related area may enroll full-time for fewer years, depending upon the applicability of previous coursework. A minimum of three years must be in full-time residency on grounds for all students. Students must also complete a year-long internship prior to graduation.
- EDHS 7680 Psychopathology
- EDHS 7640 Cognitive Assessment (includes Psychometrics)
- EDHS 8640 Principles of Psychotherapy (includes History and Systems of Psychology)
- EDHS 7630 Issues in Professional Psychology
- EDHS 6010 Diversity Issues in Clinical Psychology
- EDHS 8772 Advanced Psychotherapy: Evidence-informed Clinical Decision-making and Practice
- EDHS 8670 Behavioral, Emotional, and Social Assessment of Children (includes Psychometrics)
- EDHS 8660 Personality Assessment I (includes Psychometrics)
- EDHS 8730 Family Therapy: Theory and Techniques
- EDHS 8710 Psychological Consultation and Supervision
- EDHS 8750 Psychological Intervention and Consultation in Schools
- EDHS 9761 Child Therapy
Discipline-Specific Knowledge (21 semester hours)
- Research Methods (12 semester hours)
- EDLF 7300 Foundations of Educational Research
- Statistical Analysis (3-course sequence)
- Basic Content Areas and Advanced Integrative Knowledge in Scientific Psychology (9 semester hours)
- EDHS 8680 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience (includes basic cognitive and biological aspects of behavior, as well as advanced integration of both)
- EDHS 8742 Social and Affective Processes in Human Development (includes basic social and affective aspects of behavior, as well as advanced integration of both)
- EDLF 5160/7160 Life Span Development (or equivalent graduate-level course covering more than one developmental period)
School Psychology (3 semester hours)
Note: This coursework is only required for students who wish to pursue school psychology certification.
EDIS 5000 The Exceptional Learner
Students are involved in clinical and/or school practica each of the four years of residency in Charlottesville and the surrounding area.
- Year 1: Placement in a school setting for one day/week (spring semester). Students observe a practicing school psychologist, conduct cognitive and educational evaluations, and participate in counseling individuals and groups.
- Year 2: Placement in the Sheila C. Johnson Center, our on-site training facility, for two days per week. Students conduct three comprehensive psychological evaluations, see clients for individual therapy, and participate in weekly individual and group supervision.
- Years 3 and 4: Placement at a community agency or school to provide mental health and psychological services for two days per week under close supervision. Students undertake a wide range of responsibilities in direct contact with child, youth, family, and adult clients, including casework, assessment, individual, family and/or group therapy, and consultation, under the supervision of licensed psychologists and certified school psychologists.
Clinical Psychology Internship
All students are required to complete a one-year internship in clinical psychology. Our students often receive one of their top three choices. In their annual evaluations, Directors of Internship Training consistently place our students in the top 15% compared to interns from other programs. The following is a sample of the internship sites of our students in the past.
- University of Maryland, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, National Center for School Mental Health, Baltimore
- Children’s Hospital, Harvard University, Boston
- Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
- Yale Child Study Center, New Haven
- Rush University Medical Center, Chicago
- Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH
- Baylor College of Medicine, Houston
- NYU-Bellevue Hospital Center, New York
- Virginia Treatment Center for Children, Richmond
- Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans
- Institute of Living, Hartford
- Mailman Center for Child Development, Miami
- Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, D.C.
- Saint John’s Child & Family Development Center, Santa Monica, CA
- Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
- Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore
School Psychology Internship
Students who want to be eligible for school psychology certification must complete an internship of at least 1,500 hours, at least 600 of which must be in a school setting. In our program, we require that students pursuing school psychology certification complete a half-time internship for 39 weeks in a local school system during their third or fourth year (minimum of 600 hours). In addition, students complete a 12-month, full-time internship in an APA-approved setting working extensively with children/adolescents (50% or more of the time). Alternatively, a student may undertake a full-time internship in an APA-approved school psychology setting (e.g., the Virginia Beach City Schools, or the Memphis Consortium in the Schools). In this case, the student is not required to complete the half-time school psychology internship prior to the APA-approved internship.
While on internship in the schools, interns will work under the supervision of an experienced, credentialed (i.e., certified by Virginia Department of Education and/or National Association of School Psychologists) school psychologist. All written work will be approved and co-signed by the supervisor. An average of two hours per week of supervision is required. The school division is expected to provide interns with office space, equipment and supplies, clerical support, and access to ongoing professional development opportunities consistent with those provided for full-time professional staff of the division. Interns are expected to become familiar with and to abide by school-division policies and procedures. They also are to be knowledgeable about and to conduct themselves in accordance with the standards of NASP and APA. Ongoing interaction among the school division, the School of Education and Human Development Program in Clinical and School Psychology, and the intern will ensure that students receive high-quality training experiences. Formal written evaluations of the intern’s performance will be submitted by the supervisor to the Director of Clinical Training at least twice during the academic year. During the school psychology internship year, students will have the opportunity to work with a broad, diverse range of students in both regular and special-education settings. Activities will include assessment, counseling, parent and teacher consultation, and behavior management.
All policies and regulations in the student handbook are designed to guide and direct students' progress through the Clinical and School Psychology doctoral program.
All program students are eligible to receive a competitive financial support package that includes tuition (both in-state and out of state) for the academic year, medical insurance, and a 9-month academic year stipend (currently $20,000) to defray living expenses. Assuming satisfactory progress, students will be eligible to receive this level of support for the four years spent on grounds in Charlottesville. For the 5th year, APA-approved internship, the host agency provides financial support. The specifics of financial aid offers are indicated when admission to the program is attained.
Some students are able to acquire additional funding through special School of Education and Human Development and university awards, course support to faculty, work on grant-funded projects, and/or pay for clinical work beyond that required by the program or over the summer months.
The typical length of study is five years, including a one-year internship.
Semester of Entry:
Fall. Students are not permitted to enter the Clinical and School Psychology program in the spring or summer semesters.
Full or Part Time:
Full-time. Students are not permitted to enroll part-time.
Students trained in the School of Education and Human Development Program in Clinical and School Psychology are prepared to assume leadership roles in their professional careers, such as supervisory positions in schools, medical centers, and mental health agencies, as well as teaching and research positions in academic settings. The following is a sample of postdoctoral fellowships and early job placements attained by graduates:
- Clinical Child Psychology Fellow, Center for Childhood Resilience, Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago
- Postdoctoral Fellow in Pediatric Psychology, Rush Children’s Hospital, Chicago, IL
- Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
- Postdoctoral Fellow in Pediatric Psychology, Children’s National Medical Center, Dept. of Psychology, Washington, D.C.
- NRSA Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Suicide research, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY
- Clinical psychology postdoctoral fellow, Child behavioral health, Baystate Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, West Springfield, MA
- Postdoctoral scholar, Multisystemic therapy (MST), Family Services Research Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC
- Postdoctoral fellow, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, UCLA-Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior
- Postdoctoral Fellow, Massachusetts General Hospital Children and Law Fellowship, Boston, MA
- Fellow in Clinical Psychology, Children’s Hospital Neighborhood Partnerships, Boston, MA
- Postdoctoral Fellow, Outpatient Treatment Center, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL
- Instructor in Psychology within Harvard Medical School, Assistant Director of the Multicultural Neuropsychology Program (MUNDOS) at Massachusetts General Hospital
- Assistant Professor, Center for School Mental Health within the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine
- Assistant Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Wake Forest University
- Attending Psychologist in the Psychiatric ER/Crisis Clinic, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York City
- School Psychologist, Judy Hoyer Family Learning Center
- Pediatric Neuropsychologist, University of California, San Francisco Benioff Children Hospitals
- Staff Psychologist in Pediatric Psychology, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL
- Associate Director, Curriculum development and program evaluation, School-Connect, Bethesda, MD
- Therapist, Office of Counseling and Human Development, Dartmouth College
- Staff Psychologist, Learning and Emotional Assessment Program (LEAP), Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School
- Director, Child Psychology Training, Boston Medical Center/Boston University School of Medicine
- Assistant Professor, School psychology, child neuropsychology, Psychology Department, Radford University, VA
As a member of the State Authorizations Reciprocity Agreement, the University of Virginia (UVA) is authorized to provide curriculum in a distance learning environment to students located in all states in the United States except for California. (34 CFR 668.43(a)(6)& 34 CFR 668.72(n)).
Upon completion of the Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology program at the UVA School of Education and Human Development, graduates may be eligible for initial professional licensure in another U.S. state by applying to the licensing board or agency in that state. Please visit the University’s state authorization web pages to make an informed decision regarding which states’ educational requirements for initial licensure are met by this program. (668.43(a)(5) (v)(A) - (C))
Enrolled students who change their current (or mailing) address to a state other than Virginia should update this information immediately in the Student Information System as it may impact their ability to complete internship, practicum, or clinical hours, use Title IV funds, or meet licensure or certification requirements in the new state. (34 CFR 668.402).
The information contained on this website is for informational purposes only. The Undergraduate Record and Graduate Record represent the official repository for academic program requirements. These publications may be found at http://records.ureg.virginia.edu/index.php.